The Battle of Mactan Cebuano: Gubat sa Mactan ; Filipino: Labanan sa Mactan ; Spanish: The warriors Pagdating ni magellan diorama images Lapu-Lapua native chieftain of Mactan Islandoverpowered and defeated a Spanish force fighting for Rajah of Cebuunder the command of Ferdinand Magellanwho was killed in the battle.
On 16 March Julian calendarMagellan sighted the mountains of what is now Samar while on a mission to find a westward route to the Moluccas Islands for
Pagdating ni magellan diorama images. This event marked the arrival of the first documented Europeans in the Archipelago. The following day, Magellan ordered his men to anchor their ships on the shores of Homonhon Island.
As a result of Magellan's influence with Rajah Humabon, an order had been issued to the chiefs that each of them were to provide food supplies for the ships, and convert to Christianity. Most chiefs obeyed the order. However, Datu Lapu-Lapu, one of the Pagdating ni magellan diorama images chiefs within the island of Mactan, was the only chieftain to show his opposition. Lapu-Lapu refused to accept the authority of Rajah Humabon in these matters.
This opposition proved to be influential when Antonio Pigafetta Magellan's voyage chronicler,  writes. Rajah Humabon and Datu Zula suggested to Magellan to go to the island of Mactan and force his subject chieftain Datu Lapu-Lapu to comply with his orders.
According to the documents of Italian historian Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan tried to convince Lapu-Lapu to comply with Rajah Humabon's orders the night before the battle.
midnight, sixty of us set out armed with corselets and helmets, together with the Christian king, the prince, some of the chief men, and twenty or thirty balanguais. The captain did not wish to fight then, but sent a message to the natives to the effect that they would obey the king of Spain, recognize the Christian king as their sovereign, and pay us our tribute, he would be their friend; but that if they wished otherwise, they should wait to see how our lances wounded.
They replied that if we had lances they had lances of bamboo and stakes hardened with fire. They said that in order to induce us to go in search of them; for they had dug certain pit holes filled with spikes between the houses in order that we might fall into them. Pigafetta writes how Magellan deployed forty-nine armored men with swords, axes, shields, crossbows, and guns, and sailed for Mactan in the morning of 28 April.
A number of native warriors who converted to Christianity also came to their aid. Forced to anchor their ships far from shore, Magellan could not bring his ships' cannons to bear on Lapu-Lapu's warriors, who numbered more than 1, Pagdating ni magellan diorama images boats could not approach nearer because of certain rocks in the water.
The other men remained behind to guard the boats. When we reached land, [the natives] had formed in three divisions to the number of more than one thousand five hundred Pagdating ni magellan diorama images. When they saw us, they
Pagdating ni magellan diorama images down upon us with ear-shattering loud cries The musketeers and crossbow-men shot from a distance for about a half-hour, but uselessly The musketeers were too far back to aim, and could only shoot halfway from the distance of the natives.
Magellan and his men then tried to scare them off by burning Pagdating ni magellan diorama images houses Pagdating ni magellan diorama images Bulaia. But the natives surprised them by raining a barrage of arrows, but due to the shields and helmets of the Spaniards, they left no permanent damage.
When they saw their houses burning, they were roused to greater fury. Some of our men were killed near the houses, while we burned twenty or thirty houses. So many of them rained down upon us that the captain was shot through the right leg with a poisoned arrow. On that account, he ordered us to a frontal assault. But the men took to flight, except ten to fifteen of us who remained with the captain. The natives shot only at our legs, for the latter were bare; and so many were the spears and stones that they Pagdating ni magellan diorama images at us, that we could offer no resistance.
The mortars in the boats could not aid us as they were too far away. When the natives charged
Pagdating ni magellan diorama images their position, Magellan ordered his men to fire at them using their rifles and crossbows, but for a short period of time.
Out of ammunition, they switched to their swords and axes and fought with the captain. At least 10 Spaniards were killed and the others withdrew.
Many of the warriors specifically attacked Magellan. In the struggle, he was wounded Pagdating ni magellan diorama images the arm with a spear and in the leg by a kampilan. Those who stood beside him were easily overpowered and killed, while the others who tried to help him were hacked by spears and swords.
With this advantage, Lapu-Lapu's troops finally overwhelmed and killed Magellan. Pigafetta and a few others managed to escape. Then, trying to lay hand on sword, he could draw it out Pagdating ni magellan diorama images halfway, because he had been wounded in the arm with a bamboo spear. When the saw that, they all rushed themselves upon him.
One of them wounded him on the left leg with a large
Pagdating ni magellan diorama images, which resembles a scimitar, only being larger. That caused the captain to fall face downward, when immediately they rushed upon him with iron and bamboo spears and with Pagdating ni magellan diorama images cutlasses, until they killed our mirror, our light, our comfort, and our true guide. When they wounded him, he turned back many times to see whether we were all in the boats.
Thereupon, beholding him dead, we, wounded, retreated, as best we could, to the boats, which were already pulling off According to Pigafetta, several Pagdating ni magellan diorama images Magellan's men were killed in battle, and a number of natives converted to Catholicism who had come to their aid were immediately killed by the warriors.
Magellan's allies, and Zula, were said not to have taken part in the battle due to Magellan's bidding, and they watched from a distance.
When the body of Magellan was recovered Pagdating ni magellan diorama images the warriors, Humabon ordered him to return the bodies of Magellan and some of his crew who were killed, and they would be given as much merchandise as they wished. Some of the soldiers who survived the battle and returned to Cebu were poisoned while attending a feast given by
Elcano and his fleet sailed west and returned to Spain incompleting the first circumnavigation of the world. Today, Lapu-Lapu is retroactively honored as the first "Philippine national hero " to resist foreign rule, even though the territory of the "Philippine Islands" did not exist at the time, or was even named or imagined that way. It might be considered a historical inaccuracy to consider the Battle of Mactan a "fight to resist foreign rule", [ citation needed ] as Magellan's forces were fighting to defend the interests of Rajah Humabonthe local chieftain of Cebu.
Rajah Humabon was among the first indigenous converts to Roman Catholicism after he, his wives, Pagdating ni magellan diorama images his subjects were baptised by the expedition's priest on 14 April The Battle of Mactan was in fact one of many tribal wars common in the archipelago prior to the arrival of the Spanish, with the added component that a European force fought for one of the sides, and lost.
Lapu-Lapu is remembered by a number of commemorations: Kapampangan actor-turned-politician Lito Lapid starred in a film called Lapu-Lapuand novelty singer Yoyoy Villame wrote a folk song entitled "Magellan" that tells a humorously distorted story of the Battle of Mactan.
There is a spot in Mactan Island called the Mactan shrine where the battle Pagdating ni magellan diorama images reenacted during its anniversary. In the same shrine, next to the Lapu-Lapu statue, there is an obelisk in Magellan's honor by the Spanish colonial authorities and defaced shortly after the US military occupation of the Philippines.
Many landmarks and infrastructures all over the Philippines bear Magellan's name, mostly using its Spanish spelling Magallaneswhich is also a widely used Filipino surname.
On April 27,in honoring Lapu-Lapu as the first hero who resisted foreign rule in the country, the date April 27 when the battle happened was declared by President
Pagdating ni Duterte as Lapu-Lapu Day. According to native Pagdating ni magellan diorama images, Lapu-Lapu never died but turned into stone, and has since then been guarding the seas of Mactan. Fishermen of the island would Pagdating ni magellan diorama images coins at a stone shaped like a man as a way of asking for permission to fish in the chieftain's territory.
Pagdating ni magellan diorama images diorama images
Another myth passed on by the natives concerns the statue of Pagdating ni magellan diorama images erected on a pedestal at the center of the town plaza in Lapu-Lapu City. The statue faced the old city hall building, where the mayors used to hold office; it held a crossbow in the stance of appearing to shoot an enemy. Some superstitious people of the city proposed to change this crossbow with a sword, after a succession of three mayors died due to a heart Pagdating ni magellan diorama images. Another legend suggests that after the battle, Lapu-Lapu left Mactan and lived on a mountain.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Casualties and losses several killed and wounded At least 14 killed, including Magellan Spaniards at least native warriors. Part of a series on the. Colonial period — Post-colonial period — This section needs additional citations for verification.
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A mural painting depicting the Battle of Mactan. Date 27 April Rajahnate of Cebu Magellan expedition.
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